by Howard Stephenson
Recently in this column we’ve considered the significant increases in state tax revenues and expenditures. We’ve also reviewed the record state revenue increases and increases in rainy day fund balances.
It’s about time we seriously consider the rest of the tax cuts recommended by the Tax Reform Task Force.
The Utah Taxpayers Association’s Blog (at www.utahtaxpayer.blogspot.com) notes that it was just a few short years ago that the talk was about increasing taxes, not cutting taxes. In February 2003, the Salt Lake Tribune editorial board, arguing in support of tax increases, wrote the following:
“. . .Kent Michie, big time banker and the state of Utah’s official expert on managing its debt, has called for increases in the state’s big four taxes — income, sales, property and gasoline — in order to balance its books and cover its debt. He also suggests a temporary hike in the state’s property tax to replenish the state’s “Rainy Day Fund,” a reserve that has dwindled from $120 million to only $20 million in just a few months.”
Some taxes were increased, but the 1987 disaster was avoided
In the mid-1980s, the state economy tanked as Geneva Steel and Kennecott Utah Copper were idled temporarily and construction on the Intermountain Power Project was completed. Back then, the state was a lot smaller so these events tremendously impacted the state’s economy. The Legislature responded by increasing taxes by $150 million: $50 million in individual income taxes, $50 million in sales taxes, $40 million in gas taxes, and $10 million in cigarette taxes. These tax increases would be more than $550 million in today’s economy.
When the economy tanked a couple of years ago, the state was in a better position to deal with the revenue shortfall. The state had built up a rainy day fund of $120 million and had been using $150 million in cash for state roads and millions more in state building projects. The rainy day fund was tapped, and the cash appropriation for roads was reduced to $64 million for three straight years. (Roads, not K-12 education, took one for the team during the recession.)
With the exception of not annually adjusting individual income tax brackets for inflation, the state successfully avoided raising general taxes, but the state did raise some selective taxes during the last recession, including tobacco, cigarettes, beer, cable and satellite TV, and other taxes. The total net tax increases were as follows:
FY2003 (passed in 2002 session) $13.8 million
A lot of people deserve credit for resisting the call for massive tax increases during the last recession, but Speaker of the House Marty Stephens deserves special recognition for getting us through the bad times without a general tax increase.
Isn’t it now time for some general tax cuts?